5 causes of gingival bleeding you should know - colgate india

5 Causes Of Bleeding Gums You Should Know

If you've noticed some blood after brushing or flossing your teeth, don't panic. There are several reasons why your gums may bleed. What causes bleeding gums? Learn about the common causes of bleeding gums after brushing and when to see your dentist.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

There are several reasons why your gums may bleed. Some causes are more severe than others. You can prevent bleeding gums as well, with proper oral hygiene, including keeping your regular dental appointments. Here are some common causes for bleeding gums, and we will describe them in-depth below:

  • Gingivitis
  • Medications
  • Changes in dental hygiene routine
  • Brushing or flossing too vigorously or with too much pressure
  • Pregnancy Gingivitis

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis can cause swollen, tender, and sometimes bleeding gums during brushing. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. When plaque on your teeth and at the gumline is not removed by brushing and flossing, it can infect the gums. The good news is that gingivitis is reversible with treatment with your dental hygienist and dentist.

The leading cause of gingivitis is improper oral hygiene. If not addressed, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease. The good news is you can prevent this outcome by seeking treatment as soon as the early signs of gingivitis appear.

If your dentist has diagnosed gingivitis, you should be aware that gingivitis can affect other health conditions. According to the Indian Dental Association, people with diabetes are at special risk for periodontal (gum) disease, an infection of the gum and bone that hold the teeth in place. Diabetics may experience more frequent and more severe gum disease. Some people can have a potential association between gum disease and other severe health conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

2. Medications

Blood-thinning medications are also a possible cause of bleeding gums. Blood-thinning medications decrease the blood's ability to clot, which can lead to bleeding. Let your dentist and physician know about your experience and the medicines you're taking during your regular appointments. If the bleeding becomes more serious, contact your physician immediately.

3. Changes in Your Dental Care Routine

If you have not flossed regularly before, your gums might start to bleed between your teeth when you begin to floss. It should clear up within a week with regular care. If it doesn't, then contact your dentist to set-up an appointment because this may be a sign of gingivitis.

Using a firm-bristle toothbrush may also result in bleeding gums. Switch to a soft or medium-bristled brush and talk to your dental hygienist about what toothbrush is right for you at your next appointment.

4. Brushing or Flossing Too Vigorously

You may notice some bleeding if you floss or brush too vigorously. But don't give up the practice — both flossing and brushing are critical for oral health. Ensure you use a soft-bristled toothbrush and use a gentler touch. The bleeding should stop within a week.

5. Pregnancy Gingivitis

Pregnant women may experience swollen gums and bleeding during brushing, the Indian Dental Association calls it pregnancy gingivitis. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can aggravate existing gingivitis, which typically worsens around the second month and reaches a peak in the eighth month. This is called pregnancy gingivitis. The gum tissues become tender, swollen and bleed. Simple preventive oral hygiene can help maintain healthy gums. Any pregnancy-related gingivitis usually resolves within a few months of delivery.

You can correct bleeding gums with proper oral hygiene using a soft-bristled brush and gentle flossing technique. Keep up with your dental appointments so you can prevent gingivitis and the more severe gum disease stages.

This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.