Using a Halimeter: How Bad Is Your Breath, Really?

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Let's face it: Bad breath, or what your dentist calls halitosis, stinks. But did you know that there is a device, called the Halimeter, that can measure how bad someone's breath is? With this handy device and the help of your dentist, you can take action to reduce mouth odor.

What Causes Halitosis?

Almost everyone experiences bad breath from time to time, whether that's after a meal filled with garlic or first thing in the morning. However, according to Harvard Medical School, 30% of the population struggles with some degree of bad breath daily.

Many times, the cause of the bad breath is bacteria. As a study in the Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (JNM) explains, bacteria at the back of the tongue produce volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), such as hydrogen sulfide and dimethyl sulfide, which cause bad breath.

Poor oral hygiene, smoking and dry mouth can all increase your risk for developing halitosis, as the Mayo Clinic notes. Systemic conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, gastrointestinal reflux or diabetes, can also contribute to halitosis, explains the American Dental Association (ADA).

Measuring Bad Breath With a Halimeter

The Halimeter, developed by Interscan Corporation, helps to measure bad breath in a quantifiable way. The instrument is a small, box-shaped device with a sensor that sits near your mouth. You might see one of these used in a general dentist's office, though smaller, portable equivalents are now available for purchase and home use. This instrument senses VSCs and produces a parts-per-billion (ppb) measurement of the foul-smelling compounds.

The JNM study used Halimeters and considered any measurement above 100 ppb to indicate bad breath. However, it also noted that additional tests may be necessary for a more accurate assessment. In a different study published in the Journal of Dental Research and Review, Halimeter readings were supplemented with organoleptic (sensory) measurements of VSC samples from an individual's mouth. This study noted that the findings between the two methods did not always correspond, which is why it's important not to rely on one method alone to measure and monitor bad breath. Researchers also recommended multiple tests over time for better, more personalized data.

Techniques to Reduce Bad Breath

Once you know you have bad breath, it's time to fix it! According to the ADA, reducing bad breath starts with a good oral care routine. Here are several steps you can take to improve your oral hygiene:

  • Brush your teeth twice daily with fluoridated toothpaste.
  • Brush your tongue.
  • Use a mouthrinse.
  • If you have dentures, clean them according to your dental professional's instructions.
  • Avoid smoking or using tobacco products.
  • Maintain regular dental visits.

If your halitosis stems from a medical condition or dry mouth, your doctor and dentist can help you tailor your treatment to address the underlying cause. A Halimeter can also help monitor your progress in treating your bad breath.

So, if you experience bad breath, don't be alarmed! Much of the population has this same concern, and your dentist is equipped to help you measure and address this stinky problem. With their help, you can improve your oral habits, breath and quality of life.

This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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BAD BREATH

Definition

Foul-smelling breath, usually caused by the breakdown of food. Other culprits include poor dental hygiene, dry mouth, disease, infection, tobacco use and severe dieting.

Causes

Most bad breath starts in your mouth, and there are many possible causes that include:

  • Food particles from stinky foods like garlic and onions
  • Smoking
  • Respiratory Infections
  • Acid Reflux
  • Poor Oral Hygiene