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Morning Breath: Prevention, Treatment & Tips

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The phone alarm sounds each morning, waking you from a restful night's slumber. You rub the sleep from your eyes and prepare to tackle the day. Then you recognise it. That all-too-familiar taste accompanied by what feels like a wool sweater on your tongue. And you can practically smell the odour coming from your mouth. Yep, it's morning breath. Morning breath can be embarrassing, but it's nothing to be ashamed of; everyone's been there before. Here are some prevention and treatment tips so you can wake up a little happier and feeling fresh.

What is Morning Breath?

Morning breath is a form of bad breath, known medically as halitosis. According to the South African Dental Association (SADA), lousy breath typically begins from germs in the mouth. As you sleep, food particles collect between your teeth, on the tongue and along the gumline. Your mouth germs break down those particles, leaving foul-smelling chemicals in your mouth.

What Causes Morning Breath?

  • Food. In addition to leftover food in the mouth, certain types of food can cause smelly breath. Garlic, onions and spices enter the bloodstream once digested. Those chemicals are then carried to your lungs, so you are literally exhaling those stinky odours, especially if you eat foods late at night before going to sleep.
  • Dry mouth. dry mouth can contribute to bad morning breath. During the day, saliva helps rid the mouth of germs. But when you're asleep, the production of saliva decreases, so your mouth becomes a breeding ground for germs. Also known as xerostomia, dry mouth decreases saliva production. Breathing through your mouth or snoring also increases dry mouth, contributing to the foul smell.
  • Neglecting oral care. In addition to removing those pesky food particles with proper brushing and flossing, disregarding good oral care can lead to periodontal disease.
  • Tobacco. There's a reason smokers have lousy breath. Smokers are also more prone to gum disease because of it.
  • Medications. Certain medications result in dry mouth, which increases the proliferation of germs and thus worsens morning breath conditions.

How to Prevent Morning Breath

The good news is that you can take preventive measures before you go to bed. Try these tips to avoid morning breath:

  • Stay hydrated: Drink water before going to sleep at night, and keep a bottle on your nightstand in case you wake up thirsty.
  • You are what you eat: Avoid strong-smelling foods and drinks like garlic, onions, black tea or coffee before bed.
  • Butt out: Quitting tobacco use can improve your overall health in many ways, in addition to keeping your mouth from smelling foul in the morning.

How to Stop Morning Breath

If you do find your mouth feeling a bit on the stinky side, brushing your teeth should be the first line of defence. But for those times when you might not have your toothbrush handy, consider using these handy breath fresheners:

  • Mouthwash: Rinsing with an antiseptic mouthwash keeps your gums healthy, protects against gum problems, and can help prevent bad breath.
  • Tidy up your tongue: Give your tongue a quick cleaning with a tongue scraper in the morning or evening after a long day.
  • Chewing gum: A piece of sugar-free mint gum will help saliva production to aid in clearing germs and leave you feeling fresh until you can brush your teeth.
  • Sugar-free breath mints: Keep some breath mints handy – xylitol sugarless breath mints can moisturise the mouth and lessen bad breath.

It is never pleasant to wake up with morning breath, but it doesn't have to be a way of life. And that goes for your breath throughout the day. The key to fresh breath starts with focusing on your oral health. That means brushing your teeth at least twice a day, followed up with flossing to reach those places the toothbrush doesn't, and making sure you clean your tongue as well. Don't forget to schedule regular cleanings with your dentist every six months. Your dental hygienist will conduct your professional cleaning and give you additional ideas on how to maintain fresh breath.

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