Gingivitis is an oral health disease that most often results from poor oral home care. Many individuals who suffer from this condition are unaware of it, as this gum problem is seldom painful. Some of the symptoms of gingivitis include:
- Bleeding of the gums when brushing or flossing (noticeably pink saliva).
- Puffy or swollen red gums.
- Bad breath.
The best method to stop the cause of gingivitis is to increase the amount of time spent brushing and flossing. These methods have been shown to be effective in removing plaque from the mouth, especially in areas along the gumline. Plaque (also called biofilm) is a sticky, often invisible film found on the surface of the teeth, tongue, cheeks and gums. Plaque is made up of germs, their food, and the waste they produce. When left stuck on teeth and/or along the gumline, this combination can irritate the tissue and cause an inflammation reaction to occur within the body's immune system. The longer an individual waits to remove this sticky mass, the more time it has to damage the teeth and surrounding gum tissue. This series of events is what causes gingivitis.