Adults usually have third molars, otherwise known as wisdom teeth, that come in anytime after about 18. And according to the American Dental Association (ADA), several symptoms indicate that it might be time to have these teeth removed. Impacted wisdom teeth often cause the most significant discomfort and can ultimately harm your oral health as well.
Wisdom Teeth Symptoms That Indicate Time Extraction
The most common symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth include:
- Red or swollen gums
- Damage to adjacent teeth
- Bad breath
- Difficulty opening your mouth
- Unpleasant taste
Tooth cavities may also occur, mainly if there is poor access to fill a tooth.
Reasons for Extraction
Unfortunately, wisdom tooth related problems are quite common. Sometimes wisdom teeth don't have enough room to erupt, causing them to become impacted. Instead of the tooth coming in straight, in this case, it can lie on its side and press up against the tooth in front of it - trapped within the jaw or under the gums. This situation can cause crowding, improper bite alignment, and other problems.
A partially erupted wisdom tooth may also produce a condition known as pericoronitis, an infection wherein germs from food, plaque, and other debris become trapped in between the space of the impacted tooth and the gum. Patients with pericoronitis may notice painful, swollen gums near the wisdom tooth. More severe cases may experience noticeable swelling in the face and lymph nodes.
Making the Decision
When thinking about when to see a dentist about wisdom teeth, it's important to speak to your dentist to identify any discomfort or indications of erupting wisdom teeth. If these teeth do not offer any significant complications, they can remain untouched. But if the wisdom teeth are problematic, your dentist may recommend that you have them taken out.
Your dentist will most likely take an X-ray to see how your wisdom teeth are coming in and whether or not they might cause any problems in the future.
If your wisdom teeth need to be removed, the procedure is usually performed by an oral surgeon or dentist. Although a wisdom tooth extraction may only require local anaesthesia in some cases, you may also be under general sedation, depending on the complexity of your treatment. Dentists usually recommend having wisdom teeth extracted at a younger age when these teeth's roots are not fully developed, making them easier to remove.