Healthy gums are important for overall health
Gum problems are one of the most common oral diseases.
Often the first signs are recognised too late and not treated in time. The consequences can be irreparable. The health of the gums and teeth can also have an impact on general wellbeing.
Failure to treat causes consequential damage
If gingivitis is not stopped, it can spread to the jawbone and attack the gums in stages. This can lead to tooth loss. Chronic gingivitis can also be associated with general health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory diseases.
Plaque as a trigger for gingivitis
The healthy oral cavity is usually populated by 400 to 1000 types of bacteria, most of which live in a complex equilibrium in the plaque. Gum problems (gingivitis or periodontal disease) develop when this balance is disturbed by poor hygiene.
Gum problems are caused by the accumulation of bacteria in the plaque. If this plaque is not removed by dental care while it is still soft, it solidifies through the storage of minerals: tartar is created.
- Color pale pink
- Lies firmly on the tooth
- Does not bleed
- Bleeds easily when touched or while flossing
- Plaque buildup becomes more visible
Gum problems are often recognised too late.
Learn about the risk factors and risk groups.
Certain risk factors increase the likelihood that periodontitis will develop and progress.
High blood pressure
Smokers are 2.5 to 6 times more likely to develop an inflammatory disease of the periodontium than non-smokers. Periodontitis is usually more severe in smokers, and the chances of treatment and recovery are worse.
Diabetes can change a lot - including the gums: the blood supply is poor and the defense mechanisms are weakened. If this develops into gingivitis, the inflammation can spread throughout the body and affect different organs. The risk of periodontitis increases three times for people with a sugar disease.
Due to the hormonal change, the tissue of the oral mucosa is loosened and the gums are supplied with more blood - swelling and bleeding gums are often the result. Bacteria in the dental plaque then have an easy job and can cause inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). From there, inflammatory processes can radiate into the whole body - including your child.
Gum problems can occur at any age. Especially in combination with other risk factors such as smoking or diabetes. However, as several studies show, the risk of developing the disease has been shown to increase with age.
Stressful situations have an impact on the health of the gums. Oral hygiene is often neglected under psychological stress. This also promotes the accumulation of dental plaque.
High blood pressure
Some drugs used to treat high blood pressure (e.g. nifedipine, amlodipine, nitrendipine) can cause gum growths. These can promote the formation of bacterial plaque and make dental care more difficult.
Intensive Gum Care