Bad breath, medically known as halitosis, is a condition that even healthy children can sometimes experience. When it comes to bad breath in children, most of the time improper oral hygiene is the culprit.
What Causes Bad Breath?
There are a number of factors that could contribute to bad breath. Here are some of the most common causes:
- Poor oral hygiene If your child doesn't brush and floss his teeth frequently, bad breath can result. If plaque is not brushed away, it can irritate the gums, causing additional issues. The tongue can also harbor bacteria that produce foul odors and bad breath, so make sure your child is brushing his tongue as well.
- Dry Mouth: Saliva helps to cleanse the mouth. When your child's mouth is producing less saliva than normal, xerostomia may occur, which contributes to bad breath.
- Mouth breathing. When a child breathes through his mouth (due to a stuffy nose or as a sleep habit), it prevents saliva from washing away bacteria, which promotes bad breath.
- Bacteria on the Tongue. Most odor causing bacteria reside on the tongue. If you don't brush your tongue, odor causing bacteria will accumulate and cause bad breath.
- Infections in the mouth. Bad breath can also come about as a result of cavities, plaque buildup, mouth sores, or oral surgery.
- A foreign object. Sometimes a baby or toddler will place a foreign object (tiny toys, food particles, etc.) in his or her nose. A foreign object lodged in the nose can cause bad breath in children.
- Certain foods. If your child consumes foods that have a strong odor, like garlic, onions or specific spices, it can impact the freshness of his breath.
- Medications. Sometimes, the way medication breaks down in the body can lead to bad breath. This process releases chemicals that may result in bad breath.
- An illness or condition. If your child is suffering from allergies, a sinus infection, tonsillitis or another condition, bad breath can occur.
How to Avoid Bad Breath
Healthy teeth are integral to a child's overall health and well being.
You can help your child avoid bad breath by developing an oral care routine.
- Have your child brush twice a day with an ADA accepted fluoride toothpaste to promote fresh breath. Always remember to supervise young children so they do not swallow the toothpaste.
- When your child brushes his teeth, make sure he also cleans his tongue, as bacteria can collect and grow on the tongue.
- Floss daily in order to remove odor causing food particles from the teeth.
- Remember to get a new toothbrush every few months, because dull bristles cannot effectively remove plaque and debris from the teeth.
- Avoid halitosis and other oral health concerns by scheduling regular checkups and professional cleanings with a dentist.
Chronic Bad Breath in Children
Most of the time, your child's bad breath will go away once you implement better oral hygiene. However, some children may experience chronic bad breath. If a dentist determines that your child's mouth is healthy, you may be referred to a primary care physician for additional tests to diagnose the underlying cause of the halitosis. Regardless of the cause of bad breath, teaching children how to form good dental care habits at an early age can be vital in terms of their oral health as adults.