Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease. It can lead to periodontitis, which is not a good outcome for your gums and teeth. You have the power to make sure that doesn’t happen. Here’s how to recognise the symptoms of gingivitis and treat it early.
Common Warning Signs of Gingivitis
Medically Reviewed By Colgate Global Scientific Communications
Gingivitis occurs from a build-up of plaque that irritates gum tissue. Plaque is the leading cause of gingivitis. You should pay attention to the following gingivitis symptoms:
- Gum inflammation: Plaque builds up and spreads into the gum tissue. This inflammation makes your gums red, swollen and sensitive to touch.
- Bleeding gums: Your gums bleed when you brush (even gently) and/or floss, also known as interdental cleaning.
- Teeth appear longer: If you have gingivitis, your gums will begin to shorten and recede. This makes your teeth appear longer.
- Bad breath: Chronic foul breath is a sign of gingivitis. An unpleasant taste in your mouth can also accompany it.
- The pocket between tooth and gum: Gingivitis can cause a pocket to form between your tooth and gum. If food particles fall into the pocket, an infection can develop. More than one pocket can form in your mouth.
- Pus between tooth and gum: An infection in the pocket between the tooth and gum causes pus to develop. The infection could mean you have a periodontal or gum abscess.
You shouldn't ignore gingivitis symptoms. If you see signs of gingivitis, here are some things to do:
- Brush and floss at least twice a day. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles so that you don't irritate your gums further. You may even want to consider an electric toothbrush, which is better at removing plaque.
- Use a mouthwash daily to help get rid of bacteria.
- Speak with your dental professional about your concerns.
- Get your teeth professionally cleaned regularly as recommended by your dental professional.
Know the symptoms of gingivitis and if you have them, be vigilant about doing something about it. You've got this! An improved oral health routine can make all the difference.