Mint, the fragrant, refreshing plant, is synonymous with toothpaste. And mouthwash. And dental floss. And fresh breath in general. The garden staple came to be associated with oral health in general because it contains a compound called menthol, which made an excellent addition to teeth-cleaning products. The menthol in mint stimulates our nervous system, and our body interprets the stimuli as the tingly, cooling sensation we have all come to associate with minty freshness. In other words, it just feels clean.
This outstanding plant is easy to grow — in fact, the flavourful plant can be invasive and should be planted in a container to avoid aggressive spreading. And a reasonable amount of mint is a boon for our taste buds and our health.
Mint is also excellent for oral health, specifically. Clinical research has verified its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its ability to stimulate saliva production, all of which play an important role in healthy mouths. Read on to find out how:
1. Provides Nutrients
Eaten in the proper quantity, plants in the mint family offer vitamins and minerals that our bodies need. The hitch is the "proper quantity" part of the equation. Spearmint, a popular member of the mint family, is a great source of vitamin A, iron and folate. Folate, vital for supporting pregnancy, is also particularly important for oral health because of its role in healthy cell growth and function.
Mint is also a powerful antioxidant, which means it can help our bodies overcome cellular damage. But you have to eat a bunch of mint to unlock the nutritive benefits: A serving size of spearmint is 1/3 cup of the minty leaves.
2. Soothes Swelling
Mint is widely attributed with anti-inflammatory properties, thanks to its strong antioxidant action. Much like chamomile and green tea, rinsing with a mint-infused solution has been found to help ease swelling and counteract bleeding gums.
Specifically, the compound menthol, found in mint, seems to help kill bacteria in the mouth and prevent gingival bleeding. You can make a mint rinse by letting mint tea cool, then rinsing with it. This isn't recommended as a replacement for mouthwash, but to reap the benefit of mint on a daily basis, look for mouthwashes that contain menthol.
How to Enjoy It: Steep mint leaves or a mint tea bag in hot (but not boiling) water for up to 5 minutes, covered. Allow the liquid to cool completely, then swish and rinse as you would with any mouthwash.
3. Assists Digestion
Ending a meal with mint is a good habit to pick up because mint can help ease indigestion. According to the National Health Portal of India, Mint has several dietary uses and health benefits. It is useful in Common cold, cough, inflammation of the mouth and throat, sinus infections, and respiratory infections. Mint has been frequently used as an agent that reduces inflammation of the mouth or throat. Sinus inflammations and infections can be remedied by inhalation of the plant essential oil.
It is also used for digestive problems including heartburn, nausea, vomiting, morning sickness, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), cramps of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and bile ducts, upset stomach and diarrhoea. For the same reason, mint can actually worsen upper GI issues, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). When mint relaxes the intestine, it eases IBS complaints. But when it relaxes the muscles that separate the stomach and the oesophagus, heartburn, the central complaint for GERD-sufferers, gets worse.
How to Enjoy It: A cup of mint tea or a glass of cold mint water at the end of a meal can help people without GERD or heartburn complaints to ease bloating or indigestion.
4. Kills Germs
Mint is especially oral-health friendly because it is naturally antimicrobial. That is to say, it kills bacteria in the mouth that otherwise might contribute to tooth decay. And when we chew the leaves of mint, we aren't introducing any more bacteria-feeding sugar to our mouths, which makes it even more challenging for any surviving bacteria to thrive. Chewing mint leaves has another oral-healthy friendly effect: It stimulates saliva production.
Saliva acts as a natural mouthwash, rinsing away bacteria and any bits of food that might feed bacteria. And stimulated saliva is even better for our teeth than saliva secreted sans stimulation. Saliva produced by the stimulation of chewing herbal leaves has more calcium and bicarbonate — contributing to a higher pH, as well. The additional minerals and higher pH makes the saliva even better at 1) counteracting acid attacks (that occur as a result of consuming acidic food and drink) and 2) actively remineralising enamel.
How to Enjoy It: According to The Times of India, chewing mint (pudina) leaves is a great way to improve oral hygiene and dental health. The essential oils in mint (pudina) can help you get fresh breath. Also, using the mouthwash containing peppermint oil can help you kill bacteria in the mouth and provide you with healthy gums and teeth.
Not only is mint rich in vitamins and minerals such as oral-health friendly folate, soothing to gingival tissue, helpful to boost digestion and great at killing bacteria, but the plant shows promise in many arenas.
For example, a compound in mint called rosmarinic acid may help lower blood pressure. One species, spearmint, may help protect against oxidative stress and even brain damage. And another hybrid species of mint, peppermint, has been found to help ease nausea, especially after surgery. It can also soothe anxiety and increase our pain thresholds, as well as boost exercise performance, among other possible benefits.