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Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy: Should You Worry?

Published date field Last Updated:

Medically Reviewed By Colgate Global Scientific Communications

Congratulations, you're pregnant! This news is sure to spread joy among you and your loved ones. But, along with all the excitement, happiness and love, also comes new symptoms that you’ve probably never experienced before – including bleeding gums.

If you haven’t heard about pregnancy gingivitis, seeing blood on your gums can seem concerning. But, this isn’t something you have to worry about. With the right care and precautions, you can easily control it for a comfortable pregnancy ahead.

Why Do Your Gums Bleed During Pregnancy?

Hormonal changes make you susceptible to oral health problems. When you’re pregnant, your body releases large amounts of a hormone called progesterone. This puts you at a higher risk of gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease caused by bacteria build-up, that has turned into plaque, around your gumline. Pregnancy gingivitis can leave your gums tender and swollen and cause them to bleed while brushing. 

Gingivitis does not just affect pregnant women. According to a research study published by the Indian Dental Association more than half of Indian adults had some form of gum disease, which is estimated to be at 90%.

What Complications Can Arise from Pregnancy Gingivitis?

While not incredibly serious, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis if left untreated. This is a severe form of gum disease that can loosen teeth and result in them falling out. Periodontal diseases in pregnant women are also known to increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes like:

  • Preterm birth
  • Fetal growth restriction
  • Low birth weight
  • Pre‐eclampsia
  • Gestational diabetes

This is why oral hygiene is important, especially when you’re pregnant.

How to Reduce Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy?

Including oral hygiene practices in your daily routine will go a long way in keeping you and your baby healthy. Some tips to add to your oral healthcare include:

  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush
  • Brush at least twice a day
  • Brushing your tongue or using a tongue scraper
  • Using toothpaste for gum bleeding
  • Use an antimicrobial mouth rinse
  • Cleaning between your teeth with an interdental brush or floss
  • Scheduling regular check-ups with your dentist

Visit your dentist regularly to find out the best way to effectively monitor your oral health and care for any developing signs of gum disease. If you’re already facing bleeding gums, they’ll be able to guide you in keeping the bleeding to a minimum while ensuring that the bleeding is not due to a more serious condition.

Remember, if you notice gingivitis symptoms, don’t worry. It’s pretty common. Contact your dentist on the best course of action and follow them efficiently. Lastly, don’t forget to smile. After all, a happy mummy will have a happy and healthy baby.