What Is A Canine Tooth?

What Is A Canine Tooth

Canine teeth are the slightly pointed teeth that sit on each side of the incisor teeth at the front of the mouth. Humans use them for biting and speaking, as well as other important functions.

Why Is It Called a Canine Tooth?

Canine teeth are named for their resemblance to a dog's fangs. Human canines aren't as long, pronounced or sharp as the equivalent teeth in a dog's mouth, but they're in the same position and they're often longer and more pointed than the other teeth. Another name for canine teeth is eye teeth, due to the fact that they sit directly below the eye sockets, says the commonly used English to Hindi online dictionary Shabdkosh. Dentists also call them cuspids.

When Do Canine Teeth Appear in the Mouth?

Primary canine teeth generally appear after the incisors and first molar teeth. The first canine tooth usually erupts in the upper jaw when the baby is around 17 to 23 months old, then by the end of 23 months, most babies have full-fledged canine teeth. Children begin to lose their primary canines between age 9 and 12.

Why Do We Need Canine Teeth?

Canine teeth play important roles in eating, speaking, maintaining the shape of the lips and guiding the other teeth into position. When you eat, canines help cut and tear food into bite-sized pieces, and when you speak, they work alongside the incisors to help form words.

In addition, canine teeth function as guideposts to the rest of the teeth. They help maintain the position of the upper and lower teeth when the lower jaw moves side to side and also guide the upper and lower teeth into place.

Canine Teeth and Gum Recession

The gum tissue around canine teeth is vulnerable to erosion due to their position in the mouth. According to the Indian Society of Periodontology, mandibular incisors and maxillary canines are the most common sites of gingival recession and age being the primary reason in maximum cases undertaken in the study. When you brush your teeth, the canine teeth may receive most of the pressure because they are protuberant on each side of the incisors. To reduce the risk of receding gum tissue around your canine teeth, brush gently with a toothbrush like the Colgate Super Flexi Toothbrush. It has a flexible neck which helps clean hard-to-reach corners of the mouth.

The shape and position of canine teeth makes them essentially important in the structure and functions of the mouth. If you look after your canines and take care when you're brushing, they'll serve you well for a lifetime.

This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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What Are The Different Parts Of A Tooth?

Each tooth has several distinct parts; here is an overview of each part:

  • Enamel – this is the outer and hardest part of the tooth that has the most mineralized tissue in the body. It can be damaged by decay if teeth are not cared for properly.

  • Dentin – this is the layer of the tooth under the enamel. If decay makes it through the enamel, it next attacks the dentin — where millions of tiny tubes lead directly to the dental pulp.

  • Pulp – this is the soft tissue found in the center of all teeth, where the nerve tissue and blood vessels are located. If tooth decay reaches the pulp, you usually feel pain and may require a root canal procedure.