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Parent Guide to Children's Teeth: Who, What, When and How

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We all wish kids came with a user manual; it would take out much of the improvisation that comes with parenting. But your kids are individuals, and as such, have their own needs. Luckily, when it comes to oral health, there are a few guidelines that simplify the process of teaching your little ones about tooth care.

You might wonder if your disciplinary methods are working, or how to instil common manners, but good oral hygiene can actually consist in this handy parent guide to children's teeth:

Babies and Toddlers

Most babies start teething around six months of age, which is when oral health should be a priority. According to the Indian Dental Association it is important to clean your baby’s mouth in the first few days after birth. You can do that by wiping the gums using a clean washcloth or moist gauze pad. In most cases, the first four front-side teeth develop when your child is around 6 months of age. For children older than 2 years, brush their teeth with a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. If your baby balks at a strong mint flavour, try something milder, which has a mild fruit flavor and is fluoride-free for young, sensitive mouths.

Don't forget that your child should have his first dentist appointment by his first birthday.


"I can do it myself!" might as well be the motto for pre-schoolers everywhere. As your once-toddler grows into a curious pre-schooler, it's the ideal time to encourage healthy oral habits. They may even look forward to brushing, so build on that enthusiasm: Let your child pick out a new toothbrush and a great-tasting toothpaste. Kids that take the lead are more likely to make daily brushing a personal habit.

Even though your pre-schooler might want to fly solo when it comes to brushing and flossing, you'll still need to supervise their technique and help ensure that the teeth are cleaned at least twice daily.




Primary School-Aged

Between catching the school bus, homework and football practice, your primary school-aged child might have a tight schedule. Two things can result in poor oral health during these crucial years: forgetting to brush and indulging in sugary treats. Help out by setting a timer or alarm to keep your child on top of these things.

Kids at this age also start losing their primary teeth – usually between the ages of five and seven. But just because these teeth are on their way out doesn't mean kids can eat with impunity. The Indian Dental Association recommends a healthy diet to provide the nutrients necessary (vitamins A and C, in particular) to prevent gum disease and reduce intake of sugary foods and drinks A reusable water bottle can help remind kids to stay hydrated – encouraging saliva production – whereas treats like trail mix or sliced veggies make for a nice lunch side dish or after-school snack. The occasional sweet won't hurt, but they should be balanced with healthy foods to ensure the adult teeth develop properly.

Slip some money under their pillow from the Tooth Fairy, but don't forget to schedule regular check-ups with your dentist to detect any complications during this process.


Smart, moody and fun, your teenager might raise an eyebrow to your oral health advocacy. Instead, approach it from a self-image angle: It's important to brush and floss to look your best. Nonetheless, don't be surprised if your teen sleeps in and then races out the door without even looking at his or her toothbrush. You can help, of course: Arranging for regular dental check-ups can help remind your teen to keep brushing, and offering a few disposable on-the-go toothbrushes to your teens allows them to stay clean between lunch and play rehearsal. The head of a good mini brush can clean the surface of teeth and the soft pick at the end can be used to clean spaces between the teeth.

The teenage years are also a great time to discuss orthodontia for a straighter and more confident smile entering adulthood. From traditional brackets to plastic liners, an orthodontist can design a treatment plan that puts your teen on a path to aligned teeth by graduation. Ask your dentist for a recommendation.

Naturally, your kids' needs depend on their personal health and age, but a parent guide to children's teeth can keep you informed on what to expect over time.

This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.