Mesial Tooth and Correcting Surface Gaps

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The mesial tooth surface is the side of the tooth that's closest to the center of your mouth's arch, says the American Dental Association. A space between the mesial surface of your two incisors, or your front two teeth, is not necessarily cause for dental intervention. Though you may feel a little self-conscious about the gap cosmetically speaking, in recent years, there has been an increase in the media, particularly in fashion, portraying people with a gap-tooth smile, according to the Journal of Orthodontics. But in some cases, if the gap is wide or could pose a threat to your oral health, your dentist may want to move forward with a correction. Find out what options are available to close the gap.

Diastema and Dental Health

Diastema is a term referring to a gap in your teeth. Causes run the gamut but typically begin in childhood. Diastema may be a result of missing teeth, a larger jaw, small teeth or an acute tongue tie –– which may cause a gap in your lower front teeth, says the State Government of Victoria. If you're concerned about any gaps in your child's teeth, talk to your dentist. In some cases, as children get their adult teeth, gaps will close by themselves. But if it's your own smile you're concerned about, the mesial tooth surface gap in your top front teeth (or any of your teeth) may have created a misaligned bite. In some cases, that may lead to tooth damage and jaw pain.

Treatment Options

Your dentist will most likely refer you to an orthodontist since they specialize in straightening teeth and aligning your jaw. Your orthodontist may suggest the following options:

·    Braces. Braces are a fixed solution that will close the gap over time and align your teeth.

·    Tooth veneers. If your dentist or orthodontist determines that the gap in your incisors is not causing any oral health concerns, then your treatment is solely cosmetic. If you're self-conscious about the gap, veneers may be for you. Veneers are permanently placed on the front of your teeth to cover the gap and give the appearance of a straight smile, says the State Government of Victoria.

Whether you're wearing braces, veneers or simply choose to wear your gap-tooth smile with confidence, brushing and flossing should always be part of your daily regimen. Consider brushing with a toothbrush like the Colgate 360° Total Advanced Floss-Tip Bristles toothbrush, which has a 4x deeper reach between teeth and along the gumline. But keep in mind, your teeth can continue to move through the years. Be sure to stick to your orthodontist's long-term treatment plan so you can avoid a future gap that may lead to dental or gum problems down the road.

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What Are The Different Parts Of A Tooth?

Each tooth has several distinct parts; here is an overview of each part:

  • Enamel – this is the outer and hardest part of the tooth that has the most mineralized tissue in the body. It can be damaged by decay if teeth are not cared for properly.

  • Dentin – this is the layer of the tooth under the enamel. If decay makes it through the enamel, it next attacks the dentin — where millions of tiny tubes lead directly to the dental pulp.

  • Pulp – this is the soft tissue found in the center of all teeth, where the nerve tissue and blood vessels are located. If tooth decay reaches the pulp, you usually feel pain and may require a root canal procedure.