Why Is Centric Relation Important?
A study in the International Journal of Preventive and Clinical Dental Research notes that the accurate determination of CR is essential in the construction of dentures. Many dentures fail if they're not constructed in harmony with this position. Centric relation has also become an essential consideration in restorative dentistry, orthodontia, and full-mouth reconstruction.
According to Inside Dentistry, a patient should be treated to centric relation when evidence that occlusal disease is present, when the patient's joints are healthy, and when a repeatable restorative position is required. Since centric relation is predictable and repeatable, it can help the dentist minimize occlusal disease.
Experts have also made connections between treating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems and centric relation. For example, a Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry study notes that the mandibular position of centric relation and centric occlusion may affect the TMJ position.