Facts: The most well-known infectious oral diseases are oral herpes, which you might call cold sores or fever blisters. Clinically known as herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), the oral herpes virus frequently shows up in kids age 6 months to 5 years of age.
Once HSV-1 is in children's systems, they'll carry the virus throughout their lives. It's estimated that 50-80 percent of adults live with oral herpes – in a dormant or an active stage – reports Johns Hopkins Medicine. If adults didn't get the virus as kids, formerly HSV-1-free adults might contract oral herpes through direct contact with children or adults experiencing an outbreak. Just watch where you plant your kisses.
People who are HIV-positive are more susceptible to bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. These infections often cause lesions to develop on the lips, under the tongue, and in the soft tissues inside your cheeks. The lesions can be discomforting or painful, and they can cause dry mouth and swallowing difficulties.
Treatment: After your first bout with oral herpes, your body will build antibodies to combat the virus and its effects. So, your subsequent HSV-1 outbreaks might not be as severe, or the virus will remain dormant.
However, if you experience the early stages of an oral herpes outbreak, taking antiviral medication can prevent cold sores from fully developing. You can minimize flareups by keeping emotionally and physically healthy.
For HIV-related infections, treatment varies depending on the specific condition.