Causes of Gingival Hyperplasia
The causes of gingival hyperplasia may be grouped into four categories:
Your gums often inflame as a response to plaque accumulating in your mouth from improper dental care. This leads to a condition known as gum disease (gingivitis or periodontitis), causing your gums to be sensitive and prone to bleeding when cleaning between your teeth.
Luckily, the power is in your hands to treat gum disease if it has not yet progressed to a state requiring professional intervention. The treatment is simple: practice proper dental hygiene. For a more comprehensive set of tips, see our list below in the final section.
Some medications have been found to cause gingival hyperplasia as a side-effect. Drugs that may be associated with gingival hyperplasia include:
- Phenytoin (medication to prevent seizures)
- Cyclosporine (medication to reduce the activity of your immune system)
- Calcium channel blockers (medications used to manage cardiovascular conditions)
You mustn’t modify the dosage of these medications or stop taking them on your own.
Genes inherited from your parents may cause a hereditary disorder. These disorders are sometimes evident in childhood but may not be diagnosed until later in life or adulthood. One condition known to be connected to gingival hyperplasia is hereditary gingival fibromatosis.
This condition causes your gums to grow firm, pink growths that may affect your entire gum tissue or a small section of it. If treatment is required, your medical or dental professional may recommend surgical removal or reducing your gum tissue to keep your teeth exposed and your dental health in top shape.
If you have other health problems, chronic conditions, or changes to your hormones, these could be associated with your gingival hyperplasia.
Systemic causes of gingival hyperplasia may include:
- Pregnancy and other hormonal fluctuations
- Other chronic health conditions