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Sore Gums Causes And Treatments

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Medically Reviewed By Colgate Global Scientific Communications

Are your gums sore and bleeding? This situation isn't just uncomfortable, it can be unsettling. You may feel like you have something seriously wrong inside your mouth. While sore, bleeding gums certainly shouldn't be ignored, there's no need to panic. Here's what you need to know about the situation.

Causes of Sore, Bleeding Gums

Sore gums that are also bleeding can be a sign of gum disease. Other possible symptoms of gum disease include swollen gums, receding gums or bad breath. This condition can develop when plaque is allowed to accumulate on the teeth, where it hardens. This hardened plaque is full of bacteria that can irritate and damage the gum tissue.

Gum disease isn't the only possible cause of sore, bleeding gums. Some medications can cause bleeding gums by decreasing the blood's ability to clot. Changes to your oral care routine could cause soreness and bleeding , too. For example, switching from a soft-bristled to a hard-bristled toothbrush could cause irritation. Since sore, bleeding gums have many causes, it's important to see your dentist to get to the bottom of the issue.

Risks of Sore Gums

If your gums are sore and bleeding, it's important to seek treatment from a dentist. If gum disease is responsible for your symptoms, it could get worse if it's left untreated. As gum disease progresses, it can damage the soft tissue, fibers that are connected to the teeth and bone that support your teeth, explains the American Academy of Periodontology. This damage can loosen your teeth in their sockets. In severe cases where periodontal disease has occurred, the teeth may need to be removed or extracted.

At-Home Habits for Healthy Gums

There are many things you can do at home to keep your gums healthy. Step up your oral care and remember to brush your teeth twice a day. If you don't usually floss, it's not too late to start! Regular flossing (at least once a day) can sometimes stop issues with gum pain.

After brushing and flossing, swish with a mouthwash to kill germs on contact and fight plaque between teeth and along the gumline.

Professional Help for Sore Gums

Proper at-home oral care habits are essential, but they're not enough on their own. It's also very important to see your dentist regularly. Generally, you should visit your dentist at least once every six months. Regular dental checkups let your dentist determine if you have any oral health problems, such as gum disease, that should be treated.

If you're diagnosed with gum disease, don't worry. This cause of sore gums can be easily fixed. Your dental professional will thoroughly clean your teeth and gums to remove plaque and tartar and instruct you on how to keep up with oral care at home. After your treatment has been completed, be sure to brush and floss regularly to remove plaque and see your dentist for any suggested follow-up appointments.

Sore gums that bleed when you brush or floss can be alarming. This symptom has many possible causes, so it's important to see your dentist to learn more. Once a cause has been determined, treatment can begin. Your gums will be in tip-top shape before you know it.


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This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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