What to Do About Geminated Teeth
Because geminated teeth most commonly appear in the front teeth, it may affect a patient's smile. Additionally, the oversized teeth may crowd the mouth and cause other teeth to become crooked. This can lead to bite problems that may need orthodontic treatment. Both geminated and fused teeth are also more vulnerable to cavities and periodontal disease due to the grooves and spaces where bacteria and plaque can collect.
Because gemination appears differently from person to person, dental professionals recommend treatment based on an individual basis. For instance, patients might need sealants and fillings if a fissure in the tooth is causing bacteria buildup. In other cases, teeth require shaping and crowns. Sometimes, the best option is to leave it alone and keep an eye on it. Though, if the geminated tooth is so large that it causes problems in the mouth, it may need to be extracted.
After an extraction, dentists have various methods of replacing the tooth. These include dental bridges and dental implants. Dental bridges are prosthetic teeth anchored in place by the adjacent teeth, while dental implants are prosthetic teeth that require surgery to implant them in the jaw.
When patients have geminated teeth, excellent oral care can help manage bacteria that get caught in grooves and fissures. That means brushing twice daily with a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste and cleaning between the teeth with interdental brushes, floss, or water flossers.
Geminated teeth are unusual but treatable. After examining your teeth, your particular condition, and your needs, your dental professional can work with you to determine which, if any, of these treatments is suitable for you.