Hypoglycemia Treatment and Prevention
Because hypoglycemia is low blood sugar, the treatment is raising your blood sugar back to the recommended range. This increase is usually accomplished by consuming a fast-acting carbohydrate, drinking fruit juice, or consuming glucose tablets. Note that raising your blood sugar does not treat the underlying cause of your hypoglycemia.
It can be difficult to choose the appropriate amount of carbohydrates to raise your blood sugar. The 15-15 rule says that you should consume 15 grams of carbohydrates and recheck your blood sugar in 15 minutes. If your blood sugar is still below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), consume another serving of carbohydrates. After your blood sugar normalizes, consume a snack to ensure it does not drop again.
Good choices to raise your blood sugar include:
- Glucose or gel tubes per the provided instructions
- Non-diet soda (4 ounces or a ½ cup)
- Sugar, honey, or corn syrup (1 tablespoon)
Avoid overcorrecting your blood sugar by eating too much, so it doesn’t go from being too low to too high. Checking your blood sugar regularly is the best way to stay ahead of potential problems. Some of the best times to check it include:
- Before and after eating
- When waking up and going to bed
- After rigorous exercise
- During times of change in your routines, such as an increase in exercise or a shift in your work schedule
Hypoglycemia can be challenging to avoid, so familiarizing yourself with the signs and symptoms is vital. Be sure to speak to a doctor if you’re having trouble controlling your symptoms or have not been diagnosed with diabetes. You’ve made a great choice for your health by choosing to read up on how to recognize and prevent low blood sugar.