Your body naturally produces plaque, the soft, sticky substance that coats your teeth. When plaque goes uncleaned or builds up along your teeth, it becomes tartar, which is hard and more difficult to remove. Usually, both of these substances are addressed during your yearly checkups, leaving your teeth feeling completely clean. Unfortunately, if you've missed several checkups, those deposits can become so severe and stubborn that your dentist must use a technique called debridement before starting your usual checkup. If your dentist has suggested the procedure, don't worry. It's necessary for your oral health and can help put you back on the road to healthy dental habits. Learn more about what debridement means and why your dentist uses it to prep for your appointment.
Why Your Dentist Suggests Debridement
Imagine an archaeologist uncovering an artifact. Before he or she can examine the piece, every crevice needs to be carefully cleaned to ensure that it can be inspected completely. An archaeologist needs to do more than simply brush away years of sediment and must instead use special tools to gently uncover the find. That's similar to how your dentist debrides. Usually, a simple cleaning by a dental hygienist is enough to prep your teeth for a routine checkup. But if your teeth have been neglected and buildup has obstructed the view, the dental hygienist will remove the tartar and plaque with an ultrasonic device and scaling tools during a longer appointment to clean your teeth prior to your checkup. This process isn't typically included in the cost of your appointment and, because it takes more time, may require you to make a special appointment before your checkup.
The American Dental Association defines debridement as "Removal of subgingival and/or supragingival plaque and calculus which obstructs the ability to perform an evaluation." It's a lengthy definition, but it basically means that it happens before your regular checkup when a typical cleaning isn't enough to evaluate the health of your teeth. Supragingival plaque is the plaque above your gums, while subgingival plaque is the harder-to-reach plaque below the surface of your gums. According to RDH, the National Magazine for Dental Hygiene Professionals, supragingival plaque may be removed using the dental tools you're familiar with – scaling tools – and harder plaque may require the use of other tools. Both types of plaque require more time than a regular cleaning, but intensive debridement often requires the use of a special electronic tool that uses ultrasonic vibrations to break up calculus and remove plaque and food debris so it can be removed and cleaned away. Your dental hygienist will use the ultrasonic device first to remove the calcified tartar (calculus) and plaque that attaches to it and then continue with fine scaling the teeth and root surfaces to provide an optimal deep cleaning appointment for the patient.
When done properly, the process allows your dentist to have a more complete view of your teeth without dense plaque and tartar clouding the view. The dentist will check for dental caries and the dental hygienist will be able to probe the gumline to check to see if the patient's bone is healthy and there is no periodontal disease.
While it may take longer than a usual cleaning, debridement will likely only cause a little tenderness in your gums. If you're uncomfortable, you can ask your dentist about pain management during the procedure. Once completed, your checkup can proceed as usual, but you'll want to take special care to ensure that your teeth don't become coated in dense deposits again. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research warns that some individuals are more prone to plaque, tartar and gum disease than others, so it's even more important to follow good oral hygiene habits if you happen to be susceptible to calculus deposits.
To avoid developing tartar again, follow great oral care habits. Brush twice daily with a toothbrush, such as the Colgate 360° Advanced 4 Zone toothbrush, which removes bacteria from the teeth, tongue, cheeks and gumline. Cleaning the plaque between your teeth with daily flossing can also keep deposits at bay in hard-to-reach areas and decrease cavities between your teeth.
Luckily, once your teeth are properly cleaned, you can work to maintain their debris-free status. By making sure you attend all of your regular checkups, you can get rid of the excess plaque and tartar so your dentist and dental hygienist can continue to provide you with great care for a beautiful white smile.
This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.