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Causes Of Brown Spots On Teeth

Brown spots on teeth may worry you, but there's plenty you can do to fix them. Tooth decay caused by tartar can produce these brown stains when your oral care isn't quite up to scratch, and certain medical conditions can do so as well. Whatever the reason for your discoloration, your dentist or dental hygienist can offer a solution based on the following.

Common Causes of Brown Spots

  1. Decay: Brown spots are a sign of tooth decay, which develops from snacking on sugary and starchy foods in excess. Beverages that are high in sugar do the same, creating plaque that sticks to the tooth surface and damaging it over time. If the plaque isn't removed by regular brushing, it destroys the enamel and turns it brown. These brown spots may also come from the dentin underneath, which has a naturally darker shade when exposed by worn enamel.
  2. Tartar: When plaque builds up on teeth it hardens into a substance called tartar, which is often a brown color. Tartar often appears at the line between the teeth and gums, and regular brushing with toothpaste doesn't remove it.
  3. Fluorosis: Fluorosis is caused by excessive fluoride intake, and in severe cases brown pits will appear on the teeth. Too much fluoride in the body, especially in kids whose teeth are still forming in the gum, discolors the tooth enamel. Permanent white lines or streaks often indicate mild fluorosis, whereas brown, gray or black patches and pits – on top of an irregular tooth surface – represent signs of more serious fluorosis. Although the teeth may look damaged, fluorosis is in fact only a cosmetic condition. Unless the teeth are decayed from another cause, they're perfectly healthy.
  4. Celiac Disease: According to the Celiac Disease Awareness Campaign, the tooth enamel of those who have Celiac disease is often poorly developed. White, yellow and brown spots or bands may appear, and the enamel may be translucent. Because the effects are permanent, sufferers frequently opt for restorations to cover the condition.

Other Medical Conditions

High fevers and dental traumas can cause brown marks on teeth, and, albeit rarely, developmental conditions of the bones and skull have the same effect.

Prevention and Treatment

If your teeth have brown spots, ask your dentist for a checkup. The earlier the cause is found, the better the outcome for your oral health. Whether brown spots are due to decay, tartar or another condition, your dentist can help restore your confidence and your smile.

This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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