Treatment Options for Black Gums
Black gums don't always require treatment, but for people who are interested in cosmetic solutions, many options are available. After examining your gums, your dentist can recommend an appropriate treatment for your situation.
Removing the darkened gum tissue with a scalpel is one of the surgical options available to patients. The initial results for this procedure tend to be good, but they don't always last. That's because melanin-producing cells can sometimes migrate into the treated area, causing more pigmentation.
Cryosurgery, which involves freezing the affected gum tissue, is another treatment option. A study published in the International Journal of Health Sciences reports that the rate of recurrence after cryosurgery is low.
Free gingival grafting may also be used. This treatment involves harvesting unpigmented tissue from the roof of the mouth and applying it to the gums. This conceals the dark gum tissue instead of eliminating it.
Gums come in many different shades. Black gums are often simply a natural variation and not a medical concern. If you're concerned about the color of your gums, talk to your dentist.