What Is TMJ Arthritis and How Is It Connnected?

Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) can develop from a variety of conditions, including degenerative joint diseases like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, according to Merck Manuals. But what exactly is TMJ arthritis? Read on to learn the signs and symptoms of the condition, and whether patients with arthritis are more likely to develop TMD.

Connecting TMJ and Arthritis

When arthritis affects the jawbone, there's a risk of the condition spreading to the TMJ. With osteoarthritis, the disease progresses by destroying cartilage, which can lead to changes in your bite. And if you're wrestling with rheumatoid arthritis, usually affected most of your other joints by the time it reaches your jaw. According to Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, rheumatoid arthritis in the jaw can cause misalignment of the teeth. And in severe cases, the jaw bones are severely destructed, making it difficult for the patient to speak or eat.

Knowing the Symptoms of TMJ Arthritis

More than 50 million adults have diagnosed arthritis, according to the Arthritis Foundation. Many people with the condition will never develop TMJ, but if you do have arthritis and experience any of these common signs and symptoms of a TMJ disorder, it's worth having a conversation with your doctor:

  • Tenderness or pain in the jaw
  • Pain and stiffness in one or both of the TMJ joints
  • Aching in and around your ears
  • Problems chewing food, or pain while doing so
  • Facial aches and pains
  • Locking of the jaw, which makes it difficult to open or close the mouth

Determining Susceptibility

Several factors increase your risk of developing TMJ disorders, according to the Mayo Clinic, including the various types of arthritis. For a patient diagnosed with RA, early treatment with approved prescription medication is important to manage the spread of the disease. This reduces the risk of it reaching the jaw and evolving into any form of TMD.

On the flip side, TMD caused by bruxism can develop into arthritis as a result of the damage caused to the temporomandibular joint. So, while the disease is not directly caused by the TMD, it may progress to TMJ arthritis.

Getting Treatment

Medical care for TMJ arthritis centers around managing the pain and symptoms, while simultaneously treating forms such as rheumatoid and infectious arthritis with medications. If you are struggling with stiffness or pain, especially if the root cause is osteoarthritis, you can achieve a degree of relief via jaw massage and TMJ exercises to reduce the pain.

Self-care includes using heat and ice packs, following a diet of soft foods and avoiding extreme jaw movements, such as yawning widely. In addition, it's still important to maintain your oral care routine, even brusing, which can be painful if your arthritis is giving you trouble. You should also consider including a mouthwash to help support brushing and flossing, such as Colgate Total Advanced Pro-Shield mouthwash, which provides 12-hour protection against germs, even after drinking and eating.

Being diagnosed with TMJ arthritis doesn't have to be devastating. With the right care and treatment, patients can keep TMJ disorders at bay live a comfortable, pain-free life.

This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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Top Ways To Alleviate TMD SYMPTOMS

While there is no single cure for TMD, there are different treatments that may reduce your symptoms dramatically. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following:

  • Medication – trying to eliminate muscle spasm and pain by applying moist heat or taking medication, such as muscle relaxants, aspirin, other over-the-counter pain-relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs.

  • Wear a night guard – reduce the harmful effects of tooth clenching and grinding by wearing a night guard or splint.

  • Relax – learning relaxation techniques to help control muscle tension in the jaw. Your dentist may suggest you seek training or counseling to help eliminate stress.