2. Hairy Leukoplakia
Like many other conditions on this list, hairy leukoplakia is more likely to occur in those with reduced immune systems. This ailment is triggered by the same virus that can lead to mono, the Epstein-Barr virus.
Oral hairy leukoplakia gets its name from the white, hairy patches in your mouth. These are most likely to occur on your tongue but can appear elsewhere.
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the symptoms of oral hairy leukoplakia include:
- White patches that are folded (also known as corrugated) in appearance
- Hair-like growths on the patches
- Patches are permanent, and your toothbrush will not remove them
These patches can cause discomfort, pain, or changes to your sense of taste. In severe cases, doctors may prescribe a drug to help fight the virus or remove a patch surgically. Though hairy leukoplakia can be challenging, it often does not require treatment.
Steps to help avoid leukoplakia:
- Avoid smoking and other tobacco products
- Follow your medication regimen as prescribed
- Practice proper dental hygiene, including brushing twice daily for two minutes and flossing once a day