A look at dental implants and women with osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, a disease that weakens bones over time, can be devastating to women over many parts of their body — including the jawbone.

The Journal of Oral Implantology published an article in its July issue about a study done to see if bone loss among women with osteoporosis could be managed when dental implants were inserted.

"The most common treatment today for osteoporosis is a class of drugs called biophosphonates," the authors of the article said. "But these drugs can have major complications that already affect weak bones, preventing them from getting blood and thus causing them to die. When this occurs in the jawbone, the complication is known as biophosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw."

The study sought to answer the question of whether a biophosphones-taking patient with osteoporosis is at a greater risk of experiencing this serious complication in the jawbone when receiving implants.

The study followed 24 postmenopausal women who had lost most of their teeth. A dozen had osteoporosis and were taking a biophosphonate, and the other dozen did not have the disease and did not take the drug. Dental surgeons extracted all of the remaining teeth from each of the 24 women and immediately replaced them with dental implants.

They examined them one year later to see whether the implants were working.

"The results were completely successful," the authors said. All of the implants were still in place. There was some bone loss, but it was similar in both groups of patients, and all the women had good contact between the surface of the implants and the bone. The authors found that installing the implants immediately after extracting the teeth produced good results even in patients with osteoporosis.

The authors concluded that by inserting implants soon after removing teeth, it is possible to decrease the risk of serious complications among biophosphonate-taking patients with osteoporosis.

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This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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Common Conditions During ADULTHOOD

As we get older, dental care for adults is crucial. Here are a few of the conditions to be aware of:

Gum disease – if your home care routine of brushing and flossing has slipped and you have skipped your regular dental cleanings, bacterial plaque and tartar can build up on your teeth. The plaque and tartar, if left untreated, may eventually cause irreparable damage to your jawbone and support structures, and could lead to tooth loss.

Oral cancer – according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, men over the age of 40 have the greatest risk for oral cancer. About approximately 43,000 people will be diagnosed with cancer of the mouth, tongue or throat area, and the ACS estimates that about 7,000 people will die from these cancers. The use of tobacco products and alcohol increases the risk of oral cancer. Most oral cancers are first diagnosed by the dentist during a routine checkup.

Dental fillings break down – fillings have a life expectancy of eight to 10 years. However, they can last 20 years or longer. When the fillings in your mouth start to break down, food and bacteria can get underneath them and can cause decay deep in the tooth.

Keep your teeth clean with an oral health routine.

Establishing an oral health routine is important for a healthy mouth. Try one of our oral health products to help you establish a schedule.