Mouth sores, also including canker sours, are common conditions that can affect your daily life due to the pain. These sores can appear inside of the mouth, lips, tongue, and cheeks. Learn more about what causes mouth sores and how they can be treated.
A root canal treatment can be scary to some people who are not familiar with the procedure. Learning the truth about these root canal myths and misconceptions can help you get a better understanding of what a root canal really is and for.
Whether your little one complains of a loose tooth after playing in the yard or your older child has unexpected tooth pain in the night, you can naturally and effectively administer toothache pain relief until you can visit with a dentist.
Whether you decide to introduce dental care to your child at the onset of the first tooth or wait a few months until he reaches his toddler years, caring for your kid's teeth is always filled with its share of challenges. Read more at Colgate.com
Tonsil stones, clinically called tonsilloliths, are small, white discharges that form in the crevices of the tonsils. They are typically found on the surfaces of the pharyngeal tonsils on either side at the back of the throat. They can be as small as a grain of rice or as large as a pea. They are quite common and usually harmless, but they may spark alarm in patients when noticed for the first time.
If you haven't brushed your teeth lately, do you know what could be happening inside your mouth? Germs are growing and covering your teeth, feeding off the food particles left over from your lunch. Sounds awful, doesn't it? There's no need to panic, though. It's normal to have bacteria inside your mouth. But it's also important that you understand how to clean your mouth effectively so the germs don't get out of control.
If you have missing or damaged teeth, getting dentures can help you look and feel your best. Learn about the types of dentures available and find tips for caring for your dentures so you can get a beautiful, healthy smile.
Flossing teeth is the quick, effective way to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Discover flossing techniques at Colgate.com and learn the types of floss you should use. Colgate is your partner in dental health so visit us online.
You probably only notice your lingual tonsils — more simply known as just tonsils — when they're infected. Suddenly, swallowing is painful and you notice that the lumps in the back of your throat are red, swollen and might also be covered in white patches.Your tonsils are the first line of defense in your immune system, and the antibodies they produce fight the viruses or bacteria that invade your throat. However, sometimes the tonsils themselves become infected, and if you suffer from repeated bouts, it may be better to have your tonsils removed. Learning about how the tonsils function in relation to the immune system and speaking with your doctor about your experience with infections can help you be more informed about tonsil removal.
Pain is never any fun, especially when it emanates from your mouth. Yet, it is the body's way of letting you know something is wrong. Along with throbbing or chronic pain, you may notice accompanying symptoms like a lesion in mouth.Mouth sores in general may be caused by viral, fungal and bacterial infections, dentures that don't fit correctly, sharp tooth edges and a loose orthodontic wire, according to the <a href="http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/m/mouth-sores" ><strong>American Dental Association (ADA)</strong></a>. Here are some of common conditions that result in mouth lesions along with their symptoms and treatment options.
Can toothpaste and mouthwash neutralize and reduce the virus that can cause COVID-19 in your mouth? Read more on this new Colgate-Palmolive research for toothpaste and mouthwash effects on the COVID-19 virus.
Oral care doesn't just keep your teeth strong; it can have a significant effect on your general wellness, too. Nearly one in 10 people have some sign of poor dental health, and in some instances that number goes up to almost 100 percent. The most common oral diseases are:
Your tooth's pulp chamber is the area within your tooth that houses the tooth pulp. Once your enamel is compromised, such as from a cavity, bacteria can enter the chamber and affect your sensitive tooth pulp. Here's how to protect the chamber area and pulp.
Nearly everyone has experienced the feeling of "pins and needles" in a limb at some point. Perhaps you were kneeling on the floor and your legs fell asleep, or you woke up with a numb hand after spending the night with your arm positioned under your pillow. That tingling feeling is formally known as paresthesia. Paresthesia often occurs in the hands and feet, but it can also occur in other body parts, including in a tingling tongue.The <a href="https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentTypeID=1&ContentID=58" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>University of Rochester Medical Center</strong></a> explains that paresthesia is the result of a "traffic jam in your nervous system." Pressure on the nerve creates a blockage, preventing the electric impulses from traveling up and down the nerves. Once the pressure is removed, the impulses can travel freely again. After a delay, the impulses tend to travel more quickly than usual, causing a tingling sensation in the affected area.The tingling you may one day feel in your tongue is rarely from falling asleep in a strange position, however. Here are a few things that can cause a tingling tongue.
When your physician asks you to stick out your tongue, they're checking its color and appearance for signs that you may be unwell. The color of your tongue is a handy indicator that you could have a nutritional deficiency, are dehydrated, or are suffering from another health or dental problem. You can check if you have a healthy tongue color yourself when you brush your teeth. Here's what to look for.
When you look in the mirror, you most likely see two rows of smooth, rectangular teeth. Although your permanent teeth probably didn't come in for a number of years, they began developing before you were born. According to the <a href="https://www.dentalhealth.ie/dentalhealth/teeth/development.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>Dental Health Foundation</strong></a>, permanent teeth begin to develop when a fetus is about 20 weeks old. Many people hope for smooth, even teeth, but the complexity of the tooth development process means that <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/four-unusual-teeth-problems-you-havent-heard-of-1114" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong><span>anomalies sometimes develop</span></strong></a>.A talon cusp is an example of a rare dental anomaly. It develops before the teeth have calcified, usually because of evagination, a process during which the developing tooth develops an outgrowth on the tongue side of the tooth, according to an article in <a href="https://casereports.bmj.com/content/casereports/2017/bcr-2017-220736.full.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>BMJ Case Reports</strong></a>. The cusp gets its name because of its shape: It looks like a talon or eagle's claw sticking out of the crown of the tooth. Is a talon cusp something you should be concerned about? Learn more about how common this condition is and what you can do about it.
One of the most important, most misunderstood and most argued about concepts in dentistry is that of "centric relation" (CR). <a href="http://www.speareducation.com/spear-review/2017/05/centric-relation-to-maximum-intercuspation-slide-part-1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>Spear Education</strong></a> describes CR as the position of the lower jaw when the heads of the condyles (the tops of the lower jaw bones) are at their most forward and upward position where they meet the temporal bone. A study published in <a href="https://www.thejpd.org/article/S0022-3913%2817%2930708-4/abstract" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong><span>The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry</span></strong></a> demonstrated that most dentists agree that CR is a physiologic "spatial relationship" between the lower and upper jaws that is independent of tooth contact and repeatable. Essentially, it's the position where the lower jaw joint meets the undersurface of the skull, slightly in front of the ears.
Concrescence occurs when a tooth's cementum, the material covering the root of the tooth, is joined with another tooth's cementum. The teeth are connected at the roots. It isn't something that dental professionals see often, and it can go undetected if the teeth appear normal. It is only possible for your dental professional to make a proper diagnosis with an examination that includes X-rays.
Have you ever met someone with a smile full of what looked like too many teeth? This oral health condition is defined as hyperdontia, which can mean a person has one or a dozen more teeth than the usual 32 permanent teeth.
The tooth is not a solid piece of body tissue. Rather, it has layers of tissues that serve unique functions. One of these layers, called dentin, lies right under the enamel surface. Tubules that pass through the dentin help you feel sensation in your teeth. While they are a part of <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/tooth-anatomy" ><strong>normal tooth function</strong></a>, issues can arise.
Your saliva help you taste, digest, protect your tooth enamel and even speak, but did you know there are multiple kinds of <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/salivary-gland-infection-0117" ><strong>salivary glands</strong></a>? Read on to learn about how one of these glands helps you to enjoy your food.
When you flash a wide grin, the type of tooth that is front-and-center is the central incisor. Central incisors are the two upper and lower teeth at the very front of the mouth. On either side of them are the lateral incisors, making eight incisors in total in the adult dentition. Due to their position, incisors are the most noticeable teeth in the mouth, and they have various functions other than being the star of your smile.
Receiving a local anesthetic injection is probably not an enjoyable part of undergoing dental work, but that shot is vital to numb the nerves around your teeth so you won't feel any pain. One major nerve in the lower part of the face and oral cavity is the mandibular nerve. Find out how this nerve affects your oral health and how it may come into play during certain dental procedures.
The tongue is covered in hundreds of tiny bumps called papillae. There are four <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/what-are-filiform-papillae-" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>types of papillae </strong></a>— filiform, fungiform, circumvallate and foliate — and each has a role to play. The filiform papillae cover two-thirds of the tongue, and they help you chew and talk. The fungiform papillae located at the tip of the tongue contain taste buds. The back third of the tongue is home to the larger circumvallate papillae that also contain taste buds. The fourth type of papillae, the foliate papillae, are located on the sides of the tongue.
Canker sores can seem to suddenly appear for no reason. One minute your mouth is fine, and the next you have an annoying, sometimes painful lesion on your gums or cheek. While canker sores usually heal without treatment from a dentist or doctor, taking steps to help prevent them from developing can save you from the lingering discomfort they often cause. The key to stopping canker sores is to figure out what triggers them in your mouth.
It starts as a tingling, burning or itching sensation, soon followed by blisters that begin to ooze: another cold sore has arrived. Unfortunately, the virus that causes cold sores is highly infectious. But when is a cold sore no longer contagious? Once the sore has scabbed over, your chances of passing on the virus decrease significantly.
Wearing a face mask can help prevent you from the spread of viruses. However, wearing a mask for an extended period of time can cause some side effects like mask mouth. Read on to learn more about the causes and symptoms of mask mouth and how to prevent it and make wearing a mask more comfortable.
Many people are aware that the herpes virus can cause irritating cold sores to form on your lips, but did you know that sores can also appear elsewhere in your mouth? Herpes on the tongue often appears as painful gray and red blisters on the tip of the tongue, <a href="https://endingaids.org/tongue-herpes/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>Ending AIDS</strong></a> explains.
You may be aware that some <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/are-cold-sores-contagious--" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>cold sores</strong></a> on the lips or in the mouth are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). This virus can also affect the esophagus, which is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. The <a href="https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000646.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong><span>National Institutes of Health</span></strong></a> (NIH) defines esophagitis as the general term for any irritation, swelling or inflammation of the esophagus. There are a number of germs that can infect the esophagus, one of which is HSV, which can cause herpes esophagitis. If you have difficulty swallowing or pain in the throat, your dental professional can determine if you have contracted herpes esophagitis and what should be done for treatment.
The <a href="https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001053.htm" ><strong>National Institutes of Health (NIH)</strong></a> explains glossitis as a general term for inflammation of the tongue. As with inflammation in other parts of the body, people with this condition can experience symptoms like swelling, redness and changes in the tongue's surface texture. Certain symptoms can be temporary or permanent, mild or serious.
Have you ever looked at your tongue in the mirror and thought you were looking at a road map of Florida? Or maybe on another day it looked more like Pennsylvania. You may have a condition called geographic tongue. Don't be alarmed, though. This benign condition is not a threat to your health.Here are some interesting facts about this disorder (also referred to as migratory glossitis or wandering rash of the tongue) that you should know.
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is an irritating condition that affects about 1 percent of the adult population, and the cause can be very difficult to pinpoint. Therefore, it's often difficult to treat as well. But with the right combination of diet, medication and physician consultation, burning mouth syndrome treatment can successfully target the things that aggravate the structures in and around the mouth and tongue.The pain and burning of BMS can involve the tongue, cheeks, the back of your palate and throat and even possibly your gums. It can also give way to other symptoms, such as tingling and numbness, a bitter or metallic taste and a dry mouth. Here's what treatment may look like per some of these symptoms:
Fibromas are commonly found at the oral cavity – essentially outgrowths of tissue that can come hard or soft and white or pink, depending on its makeup. Rest assured they're usually benign. Here's what causes one to develop and what types are often found in and around the mouth. You should also know how and where they develop, as well as which treatment is recommended for those who may have one.
A Methicillin-resistant <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> (MRSA) infection is a type of bacterial infection that can be spread through healthcare facilities, including a dental office. According to the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/healthcare/index.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong><span>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</span></strong></a>, about 2 in every 100 people carry the bacteria responsible for this infection, though most do not develop serious MRSA infections. Those who do become infected should seek treatment as soon as possible, since the infection is resistant to several common antibiotics. Here's how to identify this type of infection and information about the measures you can take today to prevent its spreading.
Dentists routinely prescribe antibiotics. They may do this prior to treatment when a patient has a medical condition that could be made worse by dental treatment from the normal bacteria found in the mouth. Some procedures also require antibiotics as part of aftercare.
Of all the possible sores found in the mouth and on the lips, one of the most common is herpes in the mouth. Read on to learn about how herpes in the mouth is contracted, how prevalent it is among Americans, how it is caused, and treatments that can relieve the symptoms.
It feels like a sore throat, but you're not sick: What could it be? If you grab a mirror and peer into the back of your throat, you might find that what feels like a sore throat or swollen tonsils is actually a canker sore. Canker sores can affect any part of the mouth, including the gums, teeth, and yes, your tonsils. The good news is that it likely won't merit a trip to the doctor, but the bad news is that canker sore on tonsil pain can really disrupt your daily activities. Learn how to deal and how to avoid canker sores in the future so you can continue to eat, drink, and enjoy life without the pain.
Of all the different types of mouth sores, canker sores might be the most mysterious. It isn't well understood why people get them. <a href="http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/article/canker-sores-cold-sores-and-more" ><strong>Canker sores</strong></a> develop on the inside of the mouth, cheeks and lips and on the tongue and gums. Although they aren't contagious, the tingling pain can be unpleasant. If you have a canker sore, stress or anxiety could be a potential influence.If you think your canker sores are connected to stress levels, learning to recognize and manage your triggers might help you avoid a flare-up.
Finding blisters in mouth tissue isn't unusual; it can occur in all age groups and for a variety of reasons. It is therefore important for you to identify the contributing factors for your specific condition. In certain instances, these lesions can be contagious or pose a greater risk for infection.These ulcers can occur on the lips, tongue, gums, inner cheeks, roof or floor of the mouth, and they can arise from tissue trauma, non-communicable illness or something very often transmitted.
A strange or nasty taste in your mouth is an annoyance at best, and at worst it could be a symptom of a serious medical condition. If you have a bad taste that never goes away or returns regularly, you should talk to your dentist or physician. The condition could be due to a problem in your mouth or another part of your body or due to medications or supplements that you're taking.
The spots, patches and discoloration that tongues can develop may be harmless, but occasionally they're a sign of something serious. Black spots on tongue could range from tiny dots to conspicuous black areas, which look especially alarming. If you notice black dots, tell a dentist or physician about them and get a proper diagnosis.
Parenting is full of all sorts of challenges, including figuring out what's wrong with your children when they're sick. That difficulty is compounded when very young children aren't able to communicate what's wrong or don't understand what being sick means. So you have to look for symptoms. But some oral symptoms might not be so obvious, such as bumps on a tongue.
Having a sore throat is uncomfortable and inconvenient, and even more so when accompanied by a sore tongue. The combination of a <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>sore throat and tongue</strong></a> isn't a rare symptom of certain conditions, but your diagnosis depends on the other signs and symptoms you experience.
Diagnosing your toddler's mouth sores is ultimately your dentist's or your child's pediatrician's job, but it helps to have some knowledge about mouth sores and the types of treatments available for your child.Here's how to determine whether that mouth sore your poor tot is nursing is a common malady or a cause for concern, as well as some tips for soothing your irritable child's discomfort.
The mouth helps in many important functions — communication, eating and breathing among them. But like other body parts and organs, things can go wrong inside the mouth. When you have sores or inflammation inside your mouth on your tongue, gums, cheeks, and inner lip, that's called stomatitis, explains the <a href="http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dental-disorders/symptoms-of-dental-and-oral-disorders/stomatitis" ><strong>Merck Manuals</strong></a>. Stomatitis is a common problem many people deal with at some point, and there are different types. Here's what you need to know about stomatitis, treatment and finding relief from the pain.
Your sublingual papilla is a small protruding piece of tissue at the base of the tongue, according to <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=PF9qDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT1764&lpg=PT1764&dq=%22sublingual+papilla%22&source=bl&ots=uu4BYeBSZw&sig=ACfU3U3tg0xY1DAJ1aSpo4G_AMYVcE1uwA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiy4-ib0vrgAhVyjoMKHbeNBus4ChDoATAJegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=%22sublingual%20papilla%22&f=false" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>Scott-Brown's Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery</strong></a>. The term "sublingual" refers to the area beneath the tongue, which makes its location a little easier to remember. This small piece of tissue also serves as a marker for the area where saliva — produced by the salivary glands — empties into your mouth via <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/why-is-wharton-s-duct-important--" ><strong><span>Wharton's duct</span></strong></a> (also called the submandibular duct).
Tooth decay and periodontal (gum) disease are two of the most common oral diseases you and your family may experience at some point in your lives. Injuries to the face and head can also compromise the health of your teeth. However, here are a few less common oral health problems that may be worth seeking help with from your dentist or doctor.
As a parent, you work hard to ensure your child stays healthy and happy. But the fact is, millions of children will develop strep throat annually, notes the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/groupastrep/surveillance.html" ><strong>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)</strong></a>. A certain strain of strep throat, known as a group A streptococcal infection, may develop into scarlet fever, according to the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/features/scarletfever/index.html" ><strong><span>CDC</span></strong></a>. While it's most known for its telltale skin rash, scarlet fever tongue symptoms may occur.Find out more about what to look out for in your child's mouth and how to get your little one feeling their best again.
If you notice a tingling sensation in one of your teeth or a sharp pain when eating something hot or cold, you may be dealing with pulpitis. This condition occurs when the <a href="http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/life-stages/childrens-oral-care/article/stainless-steel-crown-can-save-a-baby-tooth-0316" ><strong>inner pulp portion</strong></a> of the tooth, which is made up of blood vessels and nerves, becomes inflamed. The inflammation is usually reversible, but there are times when the inflammation isn't reversible and the pulp can't heal itself. In either case, a visit to the dentist is necessary.
Your salivary glands do a lot more than just make your mouth water at the sight of your favorite snack. These hard-working glands found in the lower arch and sides of your mouth produce saliva to keep your mouth clean and aid in the breakdown and digestion of food. But sometimes, infection can cause your salivary glands to malfunction and even cause you pain. What could feel like the usual sore throat and fever might actually be a salivary gland infection. Know the signs and symptoms so you can get the necessary care you need, and then care for your glands so it doesn't happen again. Here's how.
Did you ever have one of those little tongue bumps that just showed up out of nowhere? The kind that drives you crazy, sometimes to the point where you try to remove it just to get rid of it? These tongue bumps (enlarged papillae) may appear for one of many reasons.
Burning tongue syndrome is a painful and often frustrating condition — some people compare it to having burned their mouth with hot coffee. The burning sensation often affects the tongue, the roof of the mouth, the gums, the inside of the cheeks, and the back of the mouth or throat. This condition can also be known as "burning mouth syndrome," "scalded mouth syndrome," "glossodynia" and "stomatodynia."Once <a href="https://www.dentalhealth.org/burning-mouth-syndrome" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>burning tongue syndrome</strong></a> begins, it can persist for many years. People who have it might wake up with no pain only to find that the burning sensation grows progressively worse throughout the day. They might have difficulty falling asleep, and this discomfort and restlessness can cause mood changes, irritability, anxiety and depression.But don't fret; you and you dentist/doctor can work together to discover the cause and find solutions. The following are some of the minor causes of burning tongue syndrome:
You'd think that a mouth rash would only affect babies and toddlers, but there are some things that can cause red, irritated skin around your mouth at any age. The causes, however, are usually different, especially because adults use different products that may cause irritation. Prevention is the best way to get rid of a <a href="http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/article/eight-common-oral-infections-0615" ><strong>rash around the mouth </strong></a>once and for all, but that first requires some detective work to discern exactly what could be causing your skin to react.
If you've ever had the displeasure of accidentally <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/life-stages/adult-oral-care/cheek-biting-in-adults--what-you-need-to-know" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>biting your cheek</strong></a> while chewing food, you might recall a sore forming in the area. While mouth sores caused by cheek biting are usually no cause for concern, what if you notice a sore in the mouth that's filled with blood? Finding a blood blister in the mouth may be worrying, but rest assured that these blisters are generally harmless and may heal on their own.
A fistula is a canal that develops between two points to drain an infection from an abscess, and a sinus tract is a drainage canal that originates at a point of infection but has only one ending. Although these terms are used interchangeably in relation to dentistry, a dental fistula is more likely to be a sinus tract infection than an actual fistula, according to <a href="http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1077808-overview" ><strong>Medscape</strong></a>. A fistula or tract can take various forms, and the cause and location of the tract helps determine the best treatment method.
Discovering a purple spot on your lip that was never there before can be scary, and you may be curious to know what it is and where it came from. While there are a number of reasons you might see a purple spot on lip tissue, it may be a case of purpura. Here's what you should know about this condition.
Leukoplakia is the name given to a skin condition characterized by the development of keratosis, or the growth of keratin, on the mucous membranes. The keratosis causes irregular, thickened or textured white patches that usually develop either inside the mouth or around genitalia. Oral hairy leukoplakia, on the other hand, is most often caused by <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/leukoplakia" ><strong>contracting the Epstein-Barr virus</strong></a> (EBV), which can remain dormant in your body but appear in the mouth if your immune system weakens for any reason.
A cold sore is a nuisance, and it can be a great temptation to pop the blisters. However, popping a cold sore doesn't speed up the healing process and can lead to scarring. To prevent a cold sore from lingering, keep your hands off it and stick to gentle, safe treatments and medications.
Have you ever had <a href="http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/wisdom-teeth/article/tooth-swelling-causes-and-how-to-relieve-discomfort-1013" ><strong>swelling in your mouth</strong></a> and weren't quite sure what it could be? The culprit might just be parotid gland swelling or inflammation.
You try to take care of your skin, but despite applying sunscreen and regularly cleansing and moisturising your face, you may still notice a rash around your mouth. As far as skin conditions go, MedlinePlus notes that rashes around the mouth are most likely to affect young women and children, but can ultimately affect anyone. This condition is called perioral dermatitis, and its causes might surprise you. By understanding what it is and how to treat it, you can soothe your rash to reveal healthy, glowing skin once again.
You know you want to take care of your teeth but you just can't help it — you have a sweet tooth! So you're asking, "What should I eat when I crave sweets?" Luckily, there are lots of easy options to choose from. Here are ten healthy (and tasty!) alternatives to sweets:
You're relaxing after a day at work or spending time with your family when you feel a sharp pain in your mouth. If you have a history of dental problems – such as infection in gums, teeth or even cavities – the pain could be related to a dental abscess.There are two types of dental abscess: A periapical, or tooth abscess, affects the root of the tooth. The other type, a periodontal (gum) abscess, affects the gums. The latter usually occurs in severe cases of periodontal disease, when the gums have pulled away from the teeth, causing pockets to form. Both types of abscess consist of small pockets that fill with bacterial pus. With the right treatment, you can recover from either type and regain control of your oral health.
Almost everyone's had a canker sore before: those annoying, painful little sores that sometimes result from eating too much acidic food or accidentally biting the inside of your cheek. But for some people, canker sores are a serious problem. Complex canker sores can last for weeks and even leave scars. If you have a canker sore that's more than just a minor annoyance, it's best to educate yourself before seeing your health care provider about treatment and prevention options.
Grills, also called fronts, are removable and fit over the front teeth. Dental grills are made of gold, silver or jewel encrusted metals that run as little as $20 and well into the thousands for more elaborate designs.
Phosphoric acid, citric acid and tartaric acid are some of the ingredients in diet sodas and fruit juices that damage teeth, but you can reduce the effects of acidic drinks by taking these precautions.
Infection control is important both in the home and when you visit your dentist. It's about far more than just toothbrushing. In fact, it's about keeping any bacteria at bay that can harm your teeth and your overall health.
The drugs used to fight cancer may potentially affect an oncology patient's oral health. Chemotherapy mouth sores are a common side effect of treatment that can affect the lips and mucous membranes of the mouth. Drugs affect people in different ways, and there is no way to predict who will experience side effects, but knowing what to look out for and how to relieve discomfort may help you reduce chemotherapy's impact on your oral health.
Nearly 40,000 people in the U.S. will be diagnosed with oral cancer this year, according to the <a href="http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/Topics/OralCancer/DetectingOralCancer.htm?_ga=1.225455897.266402437.1412947459" ><strong>National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)</strong></a>. And although this figure may seem daunting, an oral cancer prognosis can still see great improvement with early detection and timely treatment.
There's a party going on in your mouth, to which you might not have been invited. The human mouth can be home to more than 700 species of <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/sw-281474979087677" ><strong>bacteria</strong></a>, some of which might be more harmful than others. While many types of bacteria will help break down food and actually protect your teeth, some, such as <em>Streptococcus mutans</em>, play a part in tooth decay, and others, such as <em>Porphyromonas gingivalis</em>, can lead to gum disease. If you've ever dealt with bad breath, you can blame bacteria for that, too.Luckily, figuring out how to kill mouth bacteria isn't that tricky. It comes down to developing a great at-home oral care routine and doing what you can to minimize the presence of the bad bacteria.
According to the <a href="http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs400/en/" ><strong>World Health Organization (WHO)</strong></a>, 67 percent of the world's population younger than 50 years old has herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). HSV-1 is generally spread through oral-to-oral contact and is commonly known as <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/cold-sores-and-fever-blisters" ><strong><span>cold sores or fever blisters</span></strong></a>. These blister-like herpetic lesions can be spread from the mouth to other parts of the body. Since approximately 3.7 billion people carry this virus, it is very important to understand the symptoms and management of the condition.
A salt water mouth rinse is useful for a number of different reasons. It's a great option for anyone who has a sore throat, gum sores or recently underwent dental procedures. It doesn't take the place of modern dental hygiene, but is used as a supportive measure for adults and children alike.
Premolars, also called bicuspids, are the permanent teeth located between your molars in the back of your mouth and your canine teeth (cuspids) in the front. They are transitional teeth, displaying some of the features of both canines and molars, that help cut and move food from the front teeth to the molars for chewing. There are four premolar teeth in each dental arch - upper and lower.
When you look at your teeth in the mirror, you're likely to see a band of tissue surrounding the teeth at the spot where they meet your gums. That band of tissue at the base of the tooth is known as keratinized tissue or keratinized mucosa, explains the <a href="https://www.dental.pitt.edu/periohistology-clinical-features" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine</strong></a>. When all is well with your mouth, the tissue will be securely attached to your teeth, feel firm to the touch and range from pink to brown in color, depending on your skin tone.The keratinized tissue doesn't only hold your natural teeth in place. The tissue helps protect the roots of the teeth and plays an important role when it comes to the appearance of your smile, since the gums cover up the roots and keep the teeth from looking too long.If you need <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/cosmetic-dentistry/implants/how-dental-implants-can-save-your-smile-0415" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>dental implants</strong></a>, the tissue also provides support to the replacement teeth and may help improve the success of the implants. Depending on the amount of keratinized tissue you naturally have around your teeth, your dentist might consider adding more tissue when placing an implant.
The mouth is one body part that receives constant attention. Breathing, eating and speaking would be impossible without every part working together. One of those mouth parts, the uvula, might not get as much attention as your teeth or tongue, but it's just as important.
If your two front teeth extend out noticeably over your bottom ones, this is what is known as an overjet. You may be self-conscious about your appearance, particularly if you have endured any unwelcome descriptions of your front teeth, such as "buck teeth." If your child has the condition, you may be thinking about pursuing treatment so they can avoid social stigma in the future.Though the condition is not necessarily a health problem, and many people feel no need to fix it, there is a host of treatment options available. Here's what causes the condition and what your dentist or orthodontist may suggest to treat it.
Talking about your tongue coating might not be a popular topic of conversation in polite company, but it is a topic you should raise with your dentist. That coating is key to oral health as <a href="http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/dry-mouth/article/causes-of-dry-mouth-and-the-problems-it-can-create-0314" ><strong>saliva</strong></a> helps wash away food particles and germs that could cause gingivitis and cavities, as well as initiating the digestive process by starting the breakdown of food. Saliva is great – that is, until you notice that you have too much or too little. Read on to learn what different amounts of coating on your tongue could mean for your overall health and wellness.
Say the words "immune system" and fighting off a pesky cold is probably the first thing that comes to mind for many people. You've heard all the standard advice, too: drink lots of fluids, get your sleep, and don't forget that vitamin C. But do you really know how your immune system works? From an oral care perspective, both the tonsils and adenoids play a key role in keeping you healthy.
When it comes to critical parts of the body, the mouth certainly sits near the top of the list. Given its many responsibilities, the <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/tongue-functions-and-the-roles-it-plays" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>tongue</strong></a> is an anatomical VIP: It plays a role in speaking, tasting, chewing and swallowing. Any tongue injury, especially a tongue laceration, may be a reason to visit your doctor.
Although teeth usually start the oral health show in your home, it doesn't do well to ignore the other parts of your child's mouth when learning how to stay healthy. After all, oral health also depends on keeping a healthy body, choosing the right foods and even ensuring the gums stay healthy as well.Mouth anatomy is about more than just teeth, and the more your child learns about the role his or her entire mouth plays on body health, the easier it is to promote good oral hygiene. Here are a few activities you can do together when talking about whole mouth health.
The human body has twelve cranial nerves. One of those nerves, the hypoglossal nerve, is intimately related to the oral cavity. This nerve is also known as the twelfth cranial nerve, and it controls the <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/let-s-talk-tongue-muscles-" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>muscles of the tongue</strong></a>, making it important to dentists, doctors and patients alike.
The mouth is a busy place: speaking, breathing, chewing, drinking. While the teeth might be the all-stars of the mouth (Let's face it, you notice when someone has a shiny white smile or, unfortunately, when they need some dental work.), don't forget about the tongue. The tongue does all the thankless grunt work. In fact, tongue function is involved in quite a few mouth maneuvers.
If you've ever <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/dental-emergencies-and-sports-safety/i-bit-my-tongue-what-now-0818-" ><strong>bitten or cut your tongue</strong></a>, you may have been surprised to see that it bled. Cuts inside the mouth, including on the tongue, can bleed due to the rich blood supply to these tissues. The tongue's blood supply comes from a large blood vessel called the lingual artery.
In a bone graft procedure, the surgeon will take a section of bone from another area of your body, or - as is most often the case now - use a special bone grafting material, and graft it onto your jaw bone.
In the development of permanent teeth, occasionally the body may form a sack of clear fluid around the crown, usually in the lower jaw, also known as the mandible. It is usually not painful, but it may expand. This cyst is called a dentigerous cyst, which is the most common odontogenic development cyst, according to a case study published by the <a href="http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-32252013000100011" ><strong>Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences</strong></a>. Read on to learn more about this growth and how a dentist can help give you a healthy smile.
Discovering a scab on your lip can be distressing. Scabs in this area can make daily activities like eating and drinking difficult, and since they're so visible, they may reduce your self-confidence. There are many possible causes for a scab on the lip, but rest assured, there are ways you can help it heal.
Tingling or itching around the lips is a distressing signal that a cold sore is on its way for sufferers of this chronic, recurring condition. The cluster of tiny blisters that soon appears is painful and can be embarrassing. Is it possible to stop a cold sore in its tracks? Toothpaste is one home remedy that's sometimes recommended as a cold sore preventative, but the jury is still out on its effectiveness.
A <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/life-stages/adult-oral-care/brown-spots-on-teeth-causes-0116" ><strong>dark spot on gums</strong></a> may look concerning. Fortunately, in the vast majority of cases these spots are benign and easily explainable. Let's consider some of the more common conditions that might cause <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/gum-disease/healthy-gums-a-key-to-overall-health-1014" ><strong><span>gum discoloration</span></strong></a> and what can be done about them.
You may not be familiar with the term herpangina, but you most likely know someone who has suffered from this common condition. This ailment, which causes painful, blister-like sores to appear at the back of the throat, most frequently occurs in children aged 3 to 10 years old, explains <a href="https://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=herpangina-90-P01855" ><strong>Stanford Children's Health</strong></a>.
According to the <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/ibd/ibd-epidemiology.htm" ><strong>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</strong></a>, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition that affects more than 1 million people in the United States. Ulcerative colitis mouth sores often accompany IBD, making it important for patients with IBD to pay close attention to their oral health.
The best way to ensure teeth whitening at home is to seek the whitening products that are available from dentist. Consult with professionals to know exactly what to use and how to use at-home whitening products.
Once orthodontic treatment has been completed, the use of retainers after braces is a very important part of the continuing maintenance of teeth. Learn more here about the benefits of retainers after braces.
Present in some infants at birth, a bifid uvula is a developmental condition, and it is the less serious form of a group of conditions found at birth, such as cleft lip and cleft palate. Learn more here.
When you were a child, losing your front teeth was an exciting rite of passage. As an adult, a chipped or missing front tooth isn't as cute. Usually the result of some type of trauma, a chipped, cracked or accidental removal of your front tooth can leave you in pain and feeling self-conscious. With proper care, however, you won't have to deal with pain and embarrassment for long. Front tooth replacement options depend on the condition of remaining teeth, and your dentist can help you choose one of the following ways to fix your teeth and restore your smile.
Tucked inside the gummy, toothless smile of an infant is a small piece of tissue under their upper lip called the labial frenulum."Frenulum" is the term used to describe a band of tissue that attaches two structures, and the labial frenulum is the specific attachment on the inside of the upper lip that connects to the upper part of the gums, just above the front teeth, according to a study in <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5528911/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>Global Pediatric Health</strong></a>. If you pull up your upper lip, you will be able to see this thin band. All babies are born with this, but the level of the attachment to the gums varies between individuals. In general, according to the Global Pediatric Health study, younger children have a more prominent frenulum than older children.
What exactly is tooth dilaceration? <a href="https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/dilaceration" ><strong>Merriam Webster Medical Dictionary</strong></a> defines this rare, and sometimes preventable, occurrence as an injury "to a developing tooth root that results in a curve of the long axis as development continues." Learn about the signs of this condition, preventive measures and its differences from other malformations.
Teeth may look simple from the outside, but their anatomy is surprisingly complex. Teeth are made from multiple types of tissue, explains the American Dental Association. The hard outer layer of the teeth is known as enamel. The sensitive tissue directly underneath the enamel is called dentin. At the center of the teeth is the pulp cavity. This critical cavity contains the nerves and blood supply that keep the teeth alive.
Wharton's duct's, also known as the submandibular duct's, are the main transport channels under the tongue. Each Wharton's duct leads from the submandibular glands to the two small openings under the tongue where saliva enters the mouth. Wharton's ducts are small, but their influence on oral health is large.
It can be hard to determine what teeth are baby teeth and which ones are permanent. Your baby's first tooth makes its grand debut around 6 months of age, and by two to three years old, all 20 baby teeth should have erupted in their mouth. Six years old is when you can expect your children to lose their first baby teeth and have permanent teeth peek through. Keep the tooth fairy on standby; this process of permanent teeth replacing baby teeth will continue until your child is 12 or 13.As your child gets older, it can be hard to tell the difference between baby teeth and permanent teeth. Having teeth of both types is called a mixed dentition. The <a href="http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/e/eruption-charts" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>American Dental Association's</strong></a> tooth eruption chart is a good guide that helps parents know approximately when their child's baby teeth will appear, when they'll shed them and when their adult teeth will come in. The chart helps you distinguish which teeth belong to the first or second set.
Tooth gemination, also called double teeth, is a dental anomaly describing an oversized or abnormally shaped tooth that seems to be comprised of two teeth. If you've heard the phrase or noticed an irregularity in your smile, you may be curious to learn more about the condition and how it can be treated.
Would you "give your eye teeth" for something important? Over the years, these teeth have found their way into a few colloquial phrases such as that one. The eye tooth, also known as a canine tooth, is one of the longest and most stable teeth in your mouth, according to the textbook <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=2cbsAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA135&dq=%22maxillary+and+mandibular+permanent+canine%22#v=onepage&q=%22maxillary%20and%20mandibular%20permanent%20canine%22&f=false" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>Anatomy of Orofacial Structures</strong></a>. Learn more about this tooth's many names, its unique function and how to best care for each and every tooth in your mouth.
When it comes to your oral health, there's more to think about than just teeth and gums. It's also worth understanding the anatomy and makeup of your jaw, as they're the group of bones that hold your teeth in place and play an essential role in chewing and speaking.Some key parts of the jaw include the maxilla (the upper jaw), mandible (the lower jaw), mandibular canal and mandibular foramen. If you're getting certain types of dental treatment like dental implants or jaw surgery, your oral surgeon or dentist might help you get to know the unique anatomy of your jaw.
For people who have lost their teeth due to disease or injury, dentures can restore their smile and help them with everyday tasks such as eating and speaking. However, getting used to wearing dentures may require a period of adjustment.
Sinus lift, or sinus augmentation surgery, adds bone to your upper jaw to make it taller. Sinus lift surgery is typically performed when there is not enough bone in the upper jaw, or the sinuses are too close to the jaw, to receive dental implants.
Dentists refer to a knocked-out tooth as an 'avulsed' tooth. Though this is one of the most serious dental emergencies, the damage isn't necessarily permanent. Read more information regarding knocked out teeth at Colgate.com.
Much like the cuff of a sleeve fits snugly against the wrist, the gum tissue in your mouth fits tightly around each tooth. Think of the gingival sulcus as the space between the edge of the sleeve and the wrist, with the sleeve representing your gums and the wrist representing a tooth. Knowing how to keep this space clean and the role it plays in your oral health can help you avoid gum issues down the line.
Micrognathia is a big word for a condition meaning an undersized jaw. It's quite common in infants, and in many situations, it corrects itself. This condition isn't preventable and may occur when a child has another syndrome. Understanding what causes an undersized jaw and how the condition affects an individual can help you accommodate any special needs and additional care they might need.
An individual who has oligodontia was born without six or more permanent or primary teeth. This condition is extremely rare and, according to a study published in <a href="https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crid/2013/983580/" ><strong>Case Reports in Dentistry</strong></a>, it affects 0.3 percent of the population. These missing teeth can create both aesthetic and functional problems.
No, it's not about hairy molars — teeth shaving is the process of intentionally recontouring or reshaping teeth to achieve a variety of restorative and cosmetic goals. This clinical procedure has been around for decades and presents an interesting option to help dentists achieve improved results for their patients.Shaving down tooth enamel is typically a painless procedure and does not normally require anesthesia. Read on for some of the more common reasons your dentist might suggest it.
Have you ever heard of the distal tooth surface? "Distal" refers to the back surface of your tooth. In contrast, "mesial" means the front surface of your tooth. The distal surfaces of your back teeth are hard to see and can be challenging to clean. That means they're susceptible to tooth decay and other oral health concerns.
"Cavities" is another way of saying tooth decay. Tooth decay is heavily influenced by lifestyle, what we eat, how well we take care of our teeth, the presence of fluoride in our water and toothpaste. Heredity also plays a role in how susceptible your teeth may be to decay.
Cavities is term for tooth decay. Visit Colgate.com to learn how you can prevent a cavity. Colgate is the world leader in dental health products, so visit us online today to learn how you can enjoy a happy, healthy smile for years to come.
Some people, however, suffer with bad breath from dry mouth problems, which has little to do with poor hygiene. The good news is, you can take steps to identify and treat the problem, as well as prevent it from recurring.
Is your daily routine causing bad breath? Common halitosis causes include things as simple as the foods we eat or our brushing habits. Review this list to be sure that your daily routine isn't causing bad breath.
A dental filling, also called a dental restoration, is intended to replace tooth structure lost to decay. Dental fillings may last many years but eventually all fillings need to be replaced. Learn more about the longevity and durability of dental fillings here.
Abnormal tongue conditions can look alarming. Atrophic glossitis is one of these conditions. Luckily, with a dental professional on your side, they can put your mind at ease and get your tongue back to its normal self.
Whether you are moving to a natural lifestyle, DIY-ing your own bath bomb, or looking for the latest life hack for a beautiful smile—you have likely heard about utilizing salt from your cupboard. Touted first for its proficiency in flavoring and preserving food, the application of salt has made its way from the kitchen to the bathroom and everywhere in between.
Tartar control is an important part of keeping your teeth and gums healthy. Learn how to remove tartar build up at the Colgate.com learning center where you'll find dental tartar information and illustrations.
Sometimes dentists prescribe opioids to patients for pain relief after a dental procedure. Here is a brief description of opioids and some questions to ask your dentist before taking these medications.
Present in some infants at birth, a bifid uvula is a developmental condition, and it is the less serious form of a group of conditions found at birth, such as cleft lip and cleft palate. Learn more here.
What color braces should I get? In this article, please list some things to consider when someone is trying to decide what color to get for their braces. How can they consider things like their personality, their face structure, etc.?
Braces, bands or wires sometimes break or fall off. Usually this is caused by chewing hard or sticky foods. More often, one of the parts will come loose. This can cause some discomfort. Here are a few possible problems
A mouth cyst is a thin, fluid-filled sac on the inside of your mouth. Also called a mucous cyst or mucocele, the sac is harmless and painless, says the <a href="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001639.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>National Institutes of Health</strong></a> (NIH). It may annoy you though, because you feel a bump inside your mouth.These cysts commonly occur on the inside of the lips but can also form on your tongue, palate, inside of the cheeks, floor of the mouth or around piercings on the tongue or lips. A cyst on the floor of your mouth is called a ranula, and a cyst on the gum is called an epulis. The mucocele sac is bluish and clear and contains clear fluid. Your dentist can usually diagnose a mucous cyst just by looking at it.
Red spots on the roof of your mouth can be caused by a variety of different reasons. Some are just a minor inconvenience, while others could be a sign of a more serious health issue that may require further investigation. Here are some common possibilities:
Oral mucositis is a condition involving painful sores in the mouth, which can range from inflammation of the mouth tissue to severe ulcers. The inflammation will appear as a red, painful surface. Ulcers may occur on the tongue, the floor of the mouth, the insides of the cheeks, the roof of mouth or the gums. These lesions can extend from the oral cavity through the gastrointestinal tract, the organ system including the esophagus and stomach.
Oral thrush, also called candidiasis, is a fungal infection that creates painful white sores in your mouth. However, in some cases, the mouth will not produce white spots but look red and sore instead. Oral thrush can be a bit unsightly, but there’s no need to worry! The gum fungus this infection causes can be treated and, even better, prevented. Here’s what you need to know about treating your oral thrush.
Body piercings, including mouth piercings, are a well-known form of self-expression. A <a href="https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/threats-to-dental-health/sw-281474979307005" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><strong>tongue piercing</strong></a>, also known as an oral piercing, penetrates the tongue from one side to another, usually directly through the center of the tongue. Here are a few options for other oral piercings you can consider:<ul><li>Midline: Along the midline of the tongue (one of the most common sites)</li><li>Frenulum: Underneath the tongue</li><li>Tongue web: Two tongue piercings placed side-by-side</li><li>Horizontal: Placed horizontally on the tongue</li><li>Side tongue: Placed on the side of the tongue</li></ul>When you decide to get an oral piercing, try to have it placed in by a doctor in a clinic. Make sure the clinic you chose is clean and that the instruments used for piercing have been sterilized. Make sure to use an antiseptic mouthwash just before the piercing process. Prior to the incision, a small mark is made on the site. When the jewelry is placed at the end of the piercing needle, it's guided through the incision and the tongue piercing is completed.
Have you ever developed a white painful sore with red borders inside of your mouth? These are called aphthous ulcers, better known as canker sores. These lesions are somewhat of a mystery as to why some people get them, but usually the cause could be related to stress, a slight injury to the soft tissues in the mouth, dentures that don't fit properly, braces can contribute to this, as well as eating highly acidic foods such as oranges, strawberries and tomatoes and nutritional deficiencies.
Handling a partial denture requires proper dental care. Always remember to brush the denture each day to remove food deposits and plaque. For more ways to care for your partial denture, continue reading here.
When the inside of your mouth gets hurt or irritated, bacteria may enter and cause an infection. This is known as an abscess. The abscess forms a barrier around the infection. This is one way that your body tries to keep a bacterial infection from spreading.
Discover techniques for wearing and caring for your dental retainer. Orthodontic retainers are an important part of the orthodontic process and should be worn often. Find out more information at Colgate.com.
Can toothpaste and mouthwash neutralize and reduce the virus that can cause COVID-19 in your mouth? Read more on this new Colgate-Palmolive research for toothpaste and mouthwash effects on the COVID-19 virus.