Overview

When the immune system attacks the body’s organs, tissues and cells, a number of diseases and disorders can occur. These are often referred to as autoimmune disorders, and include, but are not limited to type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease and selective immunoglobulin deficiencies.

People with immune disorders are also at risk of oral health conditions. Common problems are dry mouth (xerostomia), burning mouth syndrome, the lips, tongue can become hard, gum overgrowth and a higher risk of cavities and periodontal disease.13